Check 7 varicose veins treatments common to varicose vein disease:
Sclerotherapy is one of the most surefire treatments for small to medium sized affected veins. It involves an injection of a salt liquid into the affected vein, where a scar is formed closing the vein and causing it to collapse and die.The procedure is painless, though it may need to be done more than once to work.
- Foam sclerotherapy of large veins
During this procedure, a foam suspension is used onto a large vein to irritate its walls, form a scar and cause it to collapse.
- Laser surgeries
Small varicose veins can also be treated by concentrating laser beams on the affected patch on your leg, which causes the vein to gradually fade and disappear.
If the veins are too large, your vein specialist may recommend you have them removed surgically. A local anesthetic is used for the procedure, which may last one to three hours depending on the complexity of your case. If you are being operated on both legs, you may be compelled to spend the night in the hospital.
- Ligation and stripping
In this procedure, the doctor creates two incisions on the skin covering the target vein – one close to the groin and another one at the knee or ankle. The top end of the vein is tied up using a thread. A wire is threaded through the other end of the vein and gently pulled out, taking the entire vein with it.This procedure may be painful thus a local anesthetic is used.Most patients can go home on the same day, though some cases may require follow-up visits afterward. Resumption of normal activities may have to wait three weeks when the incisions have completely closed and the wounds healed.
- Radiofrequency ablation
In this, a catheter is threaded into the affected vein and a radiofrequency energy-emitting probe inserted into the catheter. The walls of the vein heat up causing it to close shut. The procedure best works for large veins.A local anesthetic is usually used during radiofrequency ablation.
- Transilluminated powered phlebectomy
An incision is made under the skin and a special light called endoscopic transilluminator is passed through the incision to help the vein specialist locate the veins that are supposed to be removed. The affected veins are cut and taken out using a sectioning device.